This paper provides a review of treatment options and outcomes for vocal fold nodules. Topics addressed in this paper include: (a) frequency of occurrence of vocal nodules; (b) factors affecting treatment decisions, including age, duration of nodules, extent of dysphonia, and choice of treatment; (c) types of treatment (voice treatment and/or surgery); and (d) pertinent efficacy research.
Key Words: vocal nodules, voice disorders, vocal hygiene, voice treatment
Submitted on February 8, 1999
Accepted on June 3, 1999